A historical revenge. As the Red Army was forced to answer for the Japanese Tsushima

August 8, 1945 the Soviet Union declared war on Japan.

Old scores

The Great Patriotic War, which ended in May 1945, did not become final completion of the participation of the Soviet Union in World War II. In the Far East continued resistance ally of Nazi Germany - militarist Japan.

Relations between the two countries were more complicated since a failure for Russia Russian-Japanese war. During the Civil War, Japanese soldiers participated in the intervention, and then growing appetite closer summed it to the direct invasion of the Soviet Union.

The danger of a major war has existed since the mid-1930s, when the Japanese invasion of China allowed the imperial army to go directly to the borders of the Soviet Union and allied his Mongolian People’s Republic.

Fighting at Lake Khasan in 1938 and Khalkhin Gol in 1939 was a kind of breakdown of the military forces. Their results led the Japanese generals to the conclusion that a major war with the Soviet Union should be postponed to a later date.

Fragile neutrality

April 13, 1941 between the Soviet Union and Japan signed a neutrality pact. Japan, thanks to this document, are able to continue its expansion in Southeast Asia, avoiding military confrontation in the north. The Soviet Union, in turn, received certain guarantees that do not have to fight a war on two fronts.

In June 1941, Japan was the only country, an ally of Germany, which is not declared war on the USSR. Meanwhile, the plan such a campaign was actively discussed in the Japanese General Staff in July 1941.

Japanese politicians and military came from a purely practical considerations. Join the war against the Soviet Union was assumed at the time, Germany will achieve a decisive advantage. Therefore, keeping tension on the Soviet border, in Tokyo preferred to wait, despite persistent calls Hitler.

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