The OECD has tried to evaluate the scientific potential of the four dozen developed countries, the share of graduates of natural and exact sciences in the total number of graduates

Russia took place in the upper half of the list, along with Japan and Switzerland, and far surpassed the United States, Italy, Israel, and two dozen other developed countries

The “ratings of Science, Technology and Industry 2015″ takes into account data to 2012 inclusive. Mankind is now facing many complex problems, for which you need as many scientists and engineers. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) has tried to assess the scientific potential of the four dozen developed countries, OECD.

To compare the level of development of science in countries with different population, based on the rating, the authors put the so-called index of STEM, which is the share of graduates of natural and exact sciences in the total number of university graduates.

Ten of the most advanced countries in the natural and exact sciences for the second time (first in 2002) headed by South Korea, STEM is equal to 32%. Quite a bit behind Germany - 31%, which in spite of the great difference in the population inferior to the total number of STEM graduates (approx. 10,000), only the US and China.

The third and fourth place was shared by Sweden, second only to Norway’s use of computers at work - three-quarters of all employees; Finland, ranked first in the world in terms of research in medicine. STEM Nordic countries is 28%.

In fifth place, France with 27%. French scientists and engineers are different from counterparts in other developed countries, so that more work in laboratories in industry and in companies than in universities or government.

The sixth and seventh places were taken by Greece, which spent in 2013 less than other developed countries for research - to 0.08% of GDP; Estonia, which has one of the highest percentage of STEM graduates - 41%. STEM these countries - 26%.

The next three places were divided with 25% of Austria, in which the second figure on the number of scientists with degrees per thousand inhabitants: 6.7 in women and 9.1 in men; Portugal, which has the highest among the 40 developed countries index of doctoral holders - 72%; and Mexico.

The median STEM OECD was 22%. Russia with 23% divided 13-18 place with Switzerland, Japan, the UK, Slovenia and the Czech Republic. The following were such countries like Canada - 21%, Italy - 20%, Israel - 19%, Australia - 18%, USA - 16%, the Netherlands - 15%.

Top twenty countries with the highest STEM:

1. South Korea - 32%

2. The Federal Republic of Germany - 31%

3-4. Sweden and Finland - 28%

5. France - 27%

6-7. Greece and Estonia - 26%

8-10. Mexico, Austria and Portugal - 25%

11-12. Spain and Indonesia - 24%

13-18. Switzerland, Japan, Russia, United Kingdom, Slovenia, the Czech Republic - 23%

19-20. Ireland and the OECD average - 22%.

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