Archaeologists have found traces of prehistoric mass murder in Europe

German archaeologists have found rare evidence of prehistoric massacre in Europe: they opened and examined a mass grave with the remains of the continent’s first farmers who lived in these territories around 6800-7200 years ago. 26 skeletons of men, women and children were traces of terrible mortal wounds.

The mass grave was found in the location of the Stone Age in Schoeneck-Kilianshtadtene, near Frankfurt.

Ancient people have died from blunt trauma to the head and from the arrows and half skeletons retain traces of crushed legs: apparently, the enemy thus tried to stop their flight.
“Traces of evidence of torture and mutilation. We can not say with certainty whether these people are still alive at the time of application such terrible wounds. It is likely that the bodies were mutilated after death, - says anthropologist Christian Meier (Christian Meyer), one author of the study. - The conclusions obtained by us as a result of this location, strengthened the theory put forward after the opening of two other Stone Age graves near the German and Austrian Commune Thalheim Shletts village where laid to rest more than a hundred bodies. In all three parts of the victims and murderers, apparently there were people engaged in agriculture, and belonged to the Neolithic culture Linear Pottery. They arrived in central Europe about 5500 BC from Anatolia (modern Turkey) are these people built houses, cultivated plants, and creating painted ceramic product. In fact, they created the first farming communities. ”

Total during the Linear Pottery lasted about 600 years, with all found locations are at the end of this period. Perhaps some members of this culture were united in tribes who settled in the valley of the Danube River, and turned on each other.

Archaeologists suspect that the mass extermination of entire communities were isolated cases of the era. Perhaps the last years of culture Linear Pottery tribes were characterized aggressive hostility.

Meyer says that currently can not say with certainty that prompted people to kill each other in those days. However, he put forward a theory based on certain conditions faced by the people of the Stone Age. For example, the end of an era of culture Linear Pottery coincided with a period of climate change.

“The population has grown significantly, which, as a rule, increases the likelihood of conflict - says Meyer. - In addition, these people were the first farmers, which means that they have settled in these areas. In contrast to the hunters and gatherers who could just to go to other places to avoid conflict, the residents of these places could not just leave their homes. Add to this the fact that, perhaps, the end of the era of culture Linear Pottery was marked by a period of drought, which has led to increased competition for scarce resources ” .

18 August 2015

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