October 14, 1964 after the plenum of the Central Committee of the CPSU to resign sent Nikita Khrushchev. How it went?

His reign was a time of reform, not all of which were successful. Khrushchev fell victim to a conspiracy of hardware, but has not been executed or arrested. In many respects the right of the former head of state for a quiet life “after power” in Russia has its merit.

The fall of 1964, Nikita Khrushchev remained in power 12th year. His reign was not very stable, rather it can be called a model of instability. On the one hand, with him in 1956 at the Twentieth Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) shocked delegates at the closed report heard about the repression of the Stalinist era, and much of the political prisoners were rehabilitated; on the other - with him speaking disaffected poor living and working conditions of workers Kazakh Temirtau (it was built and Steel Works) and Russian Novocherkassk (where the workers went on strike Electric Locomotive Plant) were suppressed by force.

When it absorbed the virgin lands of Northern Kazakhstan and plant corn, the construction of mass housing, to establish relations with the United States and Soviet missiles placed in Cuba, as he gave the world to a nuclear apocalypse.

Khrushchev himself, who became the head of the party after the death of Joseph Stalin in March 1953, at least in 1957, was on the balance of resignation. At the June Plenum of the Presidium of the Central Committee of Vyacheslav Molotov and Georgy Malenkov raised the question of Khrushchev. His main accused in the economic voluntarism (just as was the reform replaces the central ministries on territorial authorities - economic councils or economic councils). Presidium eventually ruled that Khrushchev retired from the post of first secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU, but the prince did not submit to the decision and demanded the convening of the plenum of the Central Committee. Most members of the plenum supported Khrushchev, a conspiracy against him failed.

Later, there were reports of “anti-party group” of Molotov, Malenkov, Lazar Kaganovich and “joined them Shepilova.” Although all the opponents of the first secretary was sent for a fall outside of Moscow, one of them from the party is not excluded. Khrushchev himself, speaking in 1961 at the XXII congress of the party, told the call Kaganovich.

“Comrade Khrushchev … Please do not allow that to me did as dealt with people under Stalin” - allegedly told ex-railwayman main country.

Khrushchev responded to this as follows: “We firmly adhere to and will adhere to the Leninist principles.”

But by 1964 the situation in the top political leadership of the country has changed dramatically. Economic situation of the Union was no better, on the contrary, in 1962-1963, of the country threatened the card system, the USSR began to buy grain from Canada and the United States. Millions of rubles were wasted in the course of the reforms, as well as in projects like planting corn where possible.

Discussions about replacing Khrushchev, according to the author of his political biography of Roy Medvedev, took place from the beginning of 1964.

14 October 2014

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